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Netcat 1.10 for NT
The original version of Netcat was written by *hobbit*
The NT version was done by Weld Pond
Netcat for NT is the tcp/ip "Swiss Army knife" that never made it into any of the resource kits. It has proved to be an extremely versatile tool on the unix platform. So why should NT always be unix's poor cousin when it comes to tcp/ip testing and exploration? I bet any NT admins out there keep a unix box around to use tools such as Netcat or to test their systems with the unix version of an NT vulnerability exploit. With Netcat for NT part of that feeling disempowerment is over.
Included with this release is Hobbit's original description of the powers of Netcat. In this document I will briefly describe some of the things an NT admin might want to do and know about with Netcat on NT. For more detailed technical information please read hobbit.txt included in the nc11nt.zip archive.
* Outbound or inbound connections, TCP or UDP, to or from any ports
* Full DNS forward/reverse checking, with appropriate warnings
* Ability to use any local source port
* Ability to use any locally-configured network source address
* Built-in port-scanning capabilities, with randomizer
* Can read command line arguments from standard input
* Slow-send mode, one line every N seconds
* Hex dump of transmitted and received data
* Ability to let another program service established connections
* Telnet-options responder
New for NT
* Ability to run in the background without a console window
* Ability to restart as a single-threaded server to handle a new connection
A simple example of using Netcat is to pull down a web page from a web server. With Netcat you get to see the full HTTP header so you can see which web server a particular site is running.
Since NT has a rather anemic command processor, some of the things that are easy in unix may be a bit more clunky in NT. For the web page example first create a file get.txt that contains the following line and then a blank line:
GET / HTTP/1.0
To use Netcat to retrieve the home page of a web site use the command:
nc -v www.website.com 80 < get.txt
You will see Netcat make a connection to port 80, send the text contained in the file get.txt, and then output the web server's response to stdout. The -v is for verbose. It tells you a little info about the connection when it starts.
It is a bit easier to just open the connection and then type at the console to do the same thing.
nc -v www.website.com 80
Then just type in GET / HTTP/1.0 and hit a couple of returns. You will see the same thing as above.
A far more exciting thing to do is to get a quick shell going on a remote machine by using the -l or "listen" option and the -e or "execute" option. You run Netcat listening on particular port for a connection. When a connection is made, Netcat executes the program of your choice and connects the stdin and stdout of the program to the network connection.
nc -l -p 23 -t -e cmd.exe
will get Netcat listening on port 23 (telnet). When it gets connected to by a client it will spawn a shell (cmd.exe). The -t option tells Netcat to handle any telnet negotiation the client might expect.
This will allow you to telnet to the machine you have Netcat listening on and get a cmd.exe shell when you connect. You could just as well use Netcat instead of telnet:
nc xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx 23
will get the job done. There is no authentication on the listening side so be a bit careful here. The shell is running with the permissions of the process that started Netcat so be very careful. If you were to use the AT program to schedule Netcat to run listening on a port with the -e cmd.exe option, when you connected you would get a shell with user
The beauty of Netcat really shines when you realize that you can get it listening on ANY port doing the same thing. Do a little exploring and see if the firewall you may be behind lets port 53 through. Run Netcat listening behind the firewall on port 53.
nc -L -p 53 -e cmd.exe
Then from outside the firewall connect to the listening machine:
nc -v xxx.xxx.xxx.xx 53
If you get a command prompt then you are executing commands on the listening machine. Use 'exit' at the command prompt for a clean disconnect. The -L (note the capital L) option will restart Netcat with the same command line when the connection is terminated. This way you can connect over and over to the same Netcat process.
A new feature for the NT version is the -d or detach from console flag. This will let Netcat run without an ugly console window cluttering up the screen or showing up in the task list.
You can even get Netcat to listen on the NETBIOS ports that are probably running on most NT machines. This way you can get a connection to a machine that may have port filtering enabled in the TCP/IP Security Network control panel. Unlike Unix, NT does not seem to have any security around which ports that user programs are allowed to bind to. This means any user can run a program that will bind to the NETBIOS ports.
You will need to bind "in front of" some services that may already be listening on those ports. An example is the NETBIOS Session Service that is running on port 139 of NT machines that are sharing files. You need to bind to a specific source address (one of the IP addresses of the machine) to accomplish this. This gives Netcat priority over the NETBIOS service which is at a lower priority because it is bound to ANY IP address. This is done with the Netcat -s option:
nc -v -L -e cmd.exe -p 139 -s xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
Now you can connect to the machine on port 139 and Netcat will field the connection before NETBIOS does. You have effectively shut off file sharing on this machine by the way. You have done this with just user privileges to boot.
PROBLEMS with Netcat 1.1 for NT
There are a few known problems that will eventually be fixed. One is the -w or timeout option. This works for final net reads but not for connections. Another problem is using the -e option in UDP mode. You may find that some of the features work on Windows 95. Most of the listening features will not work on Windows 95 however. These will be fixed in a later release.
Weld Pond , 2/2/98
* Пофиксено множество багов
* Добавлена возможность авторизации по паролю
* Добавлена возможность шифрования трафика (AES-CBC-128 + HMAC-SHA1)
* Добавлена возможность на время блокировать соединения при вводе неверного пароля
* Добавлена возможность установки NC как сервиса.
Face Quidlibet Voles
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...посреди многослойной, переплетенной из еаров, сервисов, коннекторов и пулов структуры сервера приложений,
органично врастая в сеть модульной архитектуры, выставив наружу красивые интерфейсы, посылая и получая сообщения,
отвечая на эрэмай запросы, словно кипящий поток создавая и уничтожая сотни ентити бинов в десятках распределенных
транзакций, мудрый сессионый бин срал в лог эксепшенами.